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Artists' biographies : Édouard MANET

Date of birth: 1832
Date of death: 1883

Nationality : Édouard  MANET

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Edouard Manet (born in Paris January 23, 1832 - died in Paris April 30, 1883) is a major French painter of the late nineteenth century. Initiator of modern painting that frees académisme1, Édouard Manet is wrongly regarded today as one of the fathers of Impressionnisme2: it differs in purpose by a bill concerned the real n ' uses no (or few) new techniques of color and the particular treatment of light. But it comes close by some recurring themes such as portraits, seascapes, still life in Paris or still lifes, while painting in a personal way, in a first period of "genre" (Spanish subjects and odalisques for example). Refusing to attend law school and failing to become a naval officer, between the young Edouard Manet in 1850 at the studio of Thomas Couture where he began his training as a painter, and in 1860, he presented his first paintings including: Portrait Mr. and Mrs. Auguste Manet. His following tables, Lola de Valence, The Dead Man, Fight bull, The Luncheon on the Grass or Olympia, scandal. Manet's rejected official exhibitions, he then plays a leading role in "elegant bohemian". He attended artists who admire him as Henri Fantin-Latour or Edgar Degas and writers as the poet Charles Baudelaire and the novelist Emile Zola, whom he painted a portrait remained célèbre3. It was also at this time that he painted The Fife Player (1866), the historical subject of The Execution of Maximilian (1867) inspired by the etching by Francisco Goya. His work also includes marine as Moonlight on the port of Boulogne (1869) or the Races: The Races at Longchamp in 1864 worth a painter at the beginning of recognition. After the Franco-Prussian War of 1870 in which he participates, supports the Impressionists Manet among whom he has close friends as Claude Monet, Auguste Renoir and Berthe Morisot, who became his brother's wife and which he made the famous portrait of Berthe Morisot with Bouquet violets (1872). Through them he left in part of the painting workshop for outdoor painting in Argenteuil and Gennevilliers, where he owns a house, and his palette lightened as evidenced Argenteuil from 1874. He still showed his personal approach made of careful composition and attention to real, and continues to paint many subjects, particularly places of recreation as the Coffee (1878), The Waitress Bocks (1879) and his last major canvas A Bar at the Folies Bergere (1881-1882), but also the world of the humble (the pavers Rue Mosnier, 1878) or self-portraits (Self-Portrait with Palette, 1879). He also paints still lifes: often done for financial reasons (Manet was able to sell them more easily than his portraits), they also evidence the great art of the painter, who manages to represent flowers, fruits and vegetables in a truly dramatic setting. Manet also made portraits of women, (Nana, 1877, blonde woman with bare breasts, 1878) or of his friends like the poet Stephane Mallarme in 1876 and Georges Clemenceau 1879-1880. Then it is increasingly recognized and awarded the Legion of Honour on 1 January 1882. However, a victim of syphilis and rheumatism, he suffers, in 1876, his left leg amputated it will take. Edouard Manet died of gangrene at age 51 in 1883 and left more than four hundred paintings, pastels, watercolors and sketches. His greatest works are now seen in museums all over the world, particularly the Musée d'Orsay in Paris.

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Édouard Manet (né à Paris le 23 janvier 1832 - mort à Paris le 30 avril 1883) est un peintre français majeur de la fin du XIXe siècle. Initiateur de la peinture moderne qu'il libère de l'académisme1, Édouard Manet est à tort considéré aujourd’hui comme l'un des pères de l'Impressionnisme2 : il s'en distingue en effet par une facture soucieuse du réel qui n'utilise pas (ou peu) les nouvelles techniques de la couleur et le traitement particulier de la lumière. Il s'en rapproche cependant par certains thèmes récurrents comme les portraits, les paysages marins, la vie parisienne ou encore les natures mortes, tout en peignant de façon personnelle, dans une première période, des « scènes de genre » (sujets espagnols et odalisques par exemple). Refusant de suivre des études de droit et échouant à devenir officier de marine, le jeune Édouard Manet entre en 1850 à l'atelier de Thomas Couture où il commence sa formation de peintre, et dès 1860, il présente ses premières toiles parmi lesquelles : Portrait de M. et Mme Auguste Manet. Ses tableaux suivants, Lola de Valence, L'Homme mort, Combat de taureau, Le Déjeuner sur l'herbe ou Olympia, font scandale. Manet est rejeté des expositions officielles, il joue alors un rôle de premier plan dans la « bohème élégante ». Il y fréquente des artistes qui l'admirent comme Henri Fantin-Latour ou Edgar Degas et des hommes de lettres comme le poète Charles Baudelaire ou le romancier Émile Zola dont il peint un portrait resté célèbre3. C'est aussi à cette époque qu'il peint Le Joueur de fifre (1866), le sujet historique de L'Exécution de Maximilien (1867) inspiré de la gravure de Francisco de Goya. Son œuvre comprend aussi des marines comme Clair de lune sur le port de Boulogne (1869) ou des courses : Les Courses à Longchamp en 1864 qui valent au peintre un début de reconnaissance. Après la guerre franco-prussienne de 1870 à laquelle il participe, Manet soutient les Impressionnistes parmi lesquels il a des amis proches comme Claude Monet, Auguste Renoir ou Berthe Morisot qui devient sa belle-sœur et dont il fera le célèbre portrait Berthe Morisot au bouquet de violettes (1872). À leur contact il délaisse en partie la peinture d'atelier pour la peinture en plein air à Argenteuil et Gennevilliers, où il possède une maison, et sa palette s'éclaircit comme en témoigne Argenteuil de 1874. Il conserve cependant son approche personnelle faite de composition soignée et de souci du réel, et continue à peindre de nombreux sujets, en particulier des lieux de loisir comme Au Café (1878), La Serveuse de Bocks (1879) et sa dernière grande toile Un bar aux Folies Bergère (1881-1882), mais aussi le monde des humbles (Paveurs de la Rue Mosnier, 1878) ou des autoportraits (Autoportrait à la palette, 1879). Il peint aussi des natures mortes : souvent réalisées pour des raisons financières (Manet parvenait plus facilement à les écouler que ses portraits), elles n'en montrent pas moins le grand art du peintre, qui parvient à représenter fleurs, fruits et légumes dans une véritable mise en scène dramatique. Manet effectue aussi des portrait de femmes, (Nana, 1877, Femme blonde avec seins nus, 1878) ou de ses familiers comme le poète Stéphane Mallarmé en 1876 ou Georges Clemenceau en 1879-1880. Il est alors de plus en plus reconnu et reçoit la Légion d'honneur le 1er janvier 1882. Cependant, victime de syphilis et de rhumatismes, il souffre, à partir de 1876, de sa jambe gauche qu'il faudra amputer. Édouard Manet meurt de la gangrène à 51 ans en 1883 et laisse plus de quatre cents toiles, des pastels, esquisses et aquarelles. Ses plus grandes œuvres sont aujourd'hui visibles dans tous les musées du monde, particulièrement au Musée d'Orsay à Paris.

Text's source: : http://www.wikipedia.org

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Christie's presents the Impressionist and Modern Art Evening Sale in London on 6 February 2013

EVENT AUCTIONS : 2013-01-14 Christie's presents the Impressionist and Modern Art Evening Sale in London on 6 February 2013

Christie’s Impressionist and Modern Art Evening Sale in London on 6 February 2013 marks the start of the first major auctions of the year, meeting current market demands with a particularly strong offering of high quality, rare works. This sale builds on the strength of the international market in 2012 which saw discerning, informed and passionate collectors celebrate the best and rarest Impressionist and Modern Art. The upcoming auction is led by Jeanne Hébuterne (au chapeau), 1919, one of the acclaimed elegant and lyrical portraits that Amedeo Modigliani (1884-1920) created of his muse and lover Read article...




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