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Artists' biographies : Édouard MANET

Date of birth: 1832

Date of death: 1883

Nationality : Édouard  MANET

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Edouard Manet (born in Paris January 23, 1832 - died in Paris April 30, 1883) is a major French painter of the late nineteenth century. Initiator of modern painting that frees académisme1, Édouard Manet is wrongly regarded today as one of the fathers of Impressionnisme2: it differs in purpose by a bill concerned the real n ' uses no (or few) new techniques of color and the particular treatment of light. But it comes close by some recurring themes such as portraits, seascapes, still life in Paris or still lifes, while painting in a personal way, in a first period of "genre" (Spanish subjects and odalisques for example). Refusing to attend law school and failing to become a naval officer, between the young Edouard Manet in 1850 at the studio of Thomas Couture where he began his training as a painter, and in 1860, he presented his first paintings including: Portrait Mr. and Mrs. Auguste Manet. His following tables, Lola de Valence, The Dead Man, Fight bull, The Luncheon on the Grass or Olympia, scandal. Manet's rejected official exhibitions, he then plays a leading role in "elegant bohemian". He attended artists who admire him as Henri Fantin-Latour or Edgar Degas and writers as the poet Charles Baudelaire and the novelist Emile Zola, whom he painted a portrait remained célèbre3. It was also at this time that he painted The Fife Player (1866), the historical subject of The Execution of Maximilian (1867) inspired by the etching by Francisco Goya. His work also includes marine as Moonlight on the port of Boulogne (1869) or the Races: The Races at Longchamp in 1864 worth a painter at the beginning of recognition. After the Franco-Prussian War of 1870 in which he participates, supports the Impressionists Manet among whom he has close friends as Claude Monet, Auguste Renoir and Berthe Morisot, who became his brother's wife and which he made the famous portrait of Berthe Morisot with Bouquet violets (1872). Through them he left in part of the painting workshop for outdoor painting in Argenteuil and Gennevilliers, where he owns a house, and his palette lightened as evidenced Argenteuil from 1874. He still showed his personal approach made of careful composition and attention to real, and continues to paint many subjects, particularly places of recreation as the Coffee (1878), The Waitress Bocks (1879) and his last major canvas A Bar at the Folies Bergere (1881-1882), but also the world of the humble (the pavers Rue Mosnier, 1878) or self-portraits (Self-Portrait with Palette, 1879). He also paints still lifes: often done for financial reasons (Manet was able to sell them more easily than his portraits), they also evidence the great art of the painter, who manages to represent flowers, fruits and vegetables in a truly dramatic setting. Manet also made portraits of women, (Nana, 1877, blonde woman with bare breasts, 1878) or of his friends like the poet Stephane Mallarme in 1876 and Georges Clemenceau 1879-1880. Then it is increasingly recognized and awarded the Legion of Honour on 1 January 1882. However, a victim of syphilis and rheumatism, he suffers, in 1876, his left leg amputated it will take. Edouard Manet died of gangrene at age 51 in 1883 and left more than four hundred paintings, pastels, watercolors and sketches. His greatest works are now seen in museums all over the world, particularly the Musée d'Orsay in Paris.

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